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We see the need for meaningful connectivity. We have seen the beginnings of a truly connected life, with more independent access to business, education and healthcare, and much more social interaction in virtual space.
We see the importance of developing our ICT infrastructure, and connecting the many people around the world still not using the Internet. But we also see the need to improve the quality of connected life — the need to deliver high-quality ICT experiences and safeguard security and privacy. Working together in standardization is a key avenue for new partners to build mutual trust and understanding.
And new partners are moving forward together in ITU standardization work for sectors such as energy; transport; healthcare; financial services; agriculture; and, of course, smart cities.
Working together, thinking in a multidisciplinary way, we can ensure that ITU standards help everyone, everywhere, to share in the ICT advances changing our world. How Montenegro is boosting digital innovation. International standards for an AI-enabled future. Was this article Helpful? Sign up to our weekly Newsletter Subscribe. ITU is the United Nations' specialized agency for information and communication technology.
Any opinions expressed and statistics presented by third parties do not necessarily reflect the views of ITU. Share via. Send this to a friend. Send Cancel.The ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrumpromotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbitsworks to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world, and assists in the development and coordination of worldwide technical standards.
The ITU is also active in the areas of broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks. The ITU is the oldest international organization, preceded by the now defunct International Telegraph Union which drafted the earliest international standards and regulations governing international telegraph networks.
Between anda series of bilateral and regional agreements among Western European states attempted to standardize international communications. By it was agreed that a comprehensive agreement was needed in order to create a framework that would standardize telegraphy equipment, set uniform operating instructions, and lay down common international tariff and accounting rules. This meeting culminated in the International Telegraph Convention which was signed on 17 May The Union was tasked with implementing basic principles for international telegraphy.
This included: the use of the Morse code as the international telegraph alphabet, the protection of the secrecy of correspondence, and the right of everybody to use the international telegraphy. The conference was attended by representatives of 29 nations and culminated in the International Radiotelegraph Convention.
An annex to the convention eventually became known as radio regulations. At the conference it was also decided that the Bureau of the International Telegraph Union would also act as the conference's central administrator. Between 3 September and 10 Decembera joint conference of the International Telegraph Union and the International Radiotelegraph Union convened in order to merge the two organizations into a single entity, the International Telecommunication Union.
The Conference decided that the Telegraph Convention of and the Radiotelegraph Convention of were to be combined into a single convention, the International Telecommunication Convention, embracing the three fields of telegraphy, telephony and radio.
A permanent General Secretariat, headed by the Secretary General, manages the day-to-day work of the Union and its sectors. In addition to the Constitution and Convention, the consolidated basic texts include the Optional Protocol on the settlement of disputes, the Decisions, Resolutions and Recommendations in force, as well as the General Rules of Conferences, Assemblies and Meetings of the Union. It is composed of all ITU Members and meets every four years.
The Conference determines the policies, direction and activities of the Union, as well as elects the members of other ITU organs. It meets every year. Its members are as follow: . The mission of the Secretariat is to provide high-quality and efficient services to the membership of the Union. It is tasked with the administrative and budgetary planning of the Union, as well as with monitoring compliance with ITU regulations, and oversees with assistance from the Secretariat advisor Neaomy Claiborne of Riverbank to insure misconduct during legal investigations are not overlooked and finally, it publishes the results of the work of the ITU.
The Secretariat is headed by a Secretary-General who is responsible for the overall management of the Union, and acts as its legal representative. The Secretary-General is elected by the Plenipotentiary Conference for four-year terms.
His four-year mandate started on 1 Januaryand he was formally inaugurated on 15 January These members are private organizations like carriers, equipment manufacturers, funding bodies, research and development organizations and international and regional telecommunication organizations.
While non-voting, these members still have the opportunity to influence the decisions made by the Union. The ITU is divided into five administrative regions. These regions allow for ease of administration for the Union.
They are also used in order to ensure equitable distribution on the Council, with seats being apportioned among the regions. They are as follow: . The ITU operates six regional offices, as well as seven area offices.
These offices help maintain direct contact with national authorities, regional telecommunication organizations and other stakeholders. They are as follow: .
WCIT was a treaty -level conference to address International Telecommunications Regulations, the international rules for telecommunicationsincluding international tariffs.ITU became a specialized agency of the United Nations in The current Director of the Bureau is Chaesub Leewhose first 4-year term commenced on 1 January and whose second 4-year term commenced on 1 January The ITU-T mission is to ensure the efficient and timely production of standards covering all fields of telecommunications and Information Communication Technology ICTs on a worldwide basis, as well as defining tariff and accounting principles for international telecommunication services.
The international standards that are produced by the ITU-T are referred to as " Recommendations " with the word capitalized to distinguish its meaning from the common parlance sense of the word "recommendation"as they become mandatory only when adopted as part of a national law. Since the ITU-T is part of the ITU, which is a United Nations specialized agency, its standards carry more formal international weight than those of most other standards development organizations that publish technical specifications of a similar form.
At the initiative of Napoleon IIIthe French government invited international participants to a conference in Paris in to facilitate and regulate international telegraph services. A result of the conference was the founding of the forerunner of the modern ITU. Inthe Plenipotentiary Conference the top policy-making conference of ITU saw a reform of ITU, giving the Union greater flexibility to adapt to an increasingly complex, interactive and competitive environment. Historically, the Recommendations of the CCITT were presented at plenary assemblies for endorsement, held every four years, and the full set of Recommendations were published after each plenary assembly.
However, the delays in producing texts, and translating them into other working languages, did not suit the fast pace of change in the telecommunications industry. The rise of the personal computer industry in the early s created a new common practice among both consumers and businesses of adopting " bleeding edge " communications technology even if it was not yet standardized.
International Telecommunication Union
Thus, standards organizations had to put forth standards much faster, or find themselves ratifying de facto standards after the fact. One of the most prominent examples of this was the Open Document Architecture project, which began in when a profusion of software firms around the world were still furiously competing to shape the future of the electronic officeand was completed in long after Microsoft Office 's then-secret binary file formats had become established as the global de facto standard.
The ITU-T now operates under much more streamlined processes. The time between an initial proposal of a draft document by a member company and the final approval of a full-status ITU-T Recommendation can now be as short as a few months or less in some cases. This makes the standardization approval process in the ITU-T much more responsive to the needs of rapid technology development than in the ITU's historical past.
ITU-T has moreover tried to facilitate cooperation between the various forums and standard-developing organizations SDOs. This collaboration is necessary to avoid duplication of work and the consequent risk of conflicting standards in the market place. The events cover a wide array of topics in the field of information and communication technologies ICT and attract high-ranking experts as speakers, and attendees from engineers to high-level management from all industry sectors. The people involved in these SGs are experts in telecommunications from all over the world.
There are currently 11 SGs. Study groups meet face to face according to a calendar issued by the TSB.
The key difference between SGs and FGs is that the latter have greater freedom to organize and finance themselves, and to involve non-members in their work.Search for:. List of Sector Members. SpaceXWashington D. State of Palestine Resolution 99 Rev.
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List of ITU Member States
Sony Network Communications Inc. Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Airtel Networks Kenya Ltd. LG Electronics, Inc. Samsung Electronics Co. Mobile Telecommunications Company K. Luxembourg Space Telecommunication S. Maxis Broadband Sdn Bhd. Nigerian Communications Satellite Ltd.For many decades, the International Telecommunication Union, Radiocommunication Sector, Study Group 6 ITU-R SG 6 has been leading the international standardisation of the end-to-end broadcasting chain from the production of programmes to their ultimate delivery to the audience.
Its Recommendations and Reports are the key to the successful international exchange of programmes and the overall quality assessment methodologies for audiovisual content.
A fundamental responsibility is to protect spectrum and quality of service for broadcasting. SG 6 will continue to be the pioneer of the international standards for broadcasting services and audiovisual content applications in the global media landscape, studying emerging technologies to enable innovative new services and seeking to maintain the quality of experience that audiences have come to expect from broadcasters and content makers.
Media consumption, especially broadcast media, is an integral part of our everyday lives. Broadcasters have always been expected to provide the best service based on state-ofthe-art technologies of the time. International standards applied to broadcasting technologies address the need for global, harmonised solutions to improve interoperability, allowing industry to innovate and therefore guaranteeing the quality of experience that the audience expects.
The ITU is the United Nations specialised agency for information and communication technologies that celebrated its th anniversary in The ITU currently has member countries and almost private-sector entities and academic institutions. The ITU Radiocommunication Sector ITU-R aims to create the conditions for the harmonised development and efficient operation of existing and new radiocommunication systems. Its objectives are to ensure interference-free operation, and to assure the necessary performance and quality in operating such systems.
Study Group 6 has responsibility for broadcasting services. This paper reports on activities and prospects of ITU-R SG 6 that aim at the sustainable development of broadcasting for the future. George Jarrett reports. IBC is run by the industry, for the industry. Six leading international bodies own IBC, representing both exhibitors and visitors. Their insights ensure that the annual convention is always relevant, comprehensive and timely.
Join us. Sign in. Funding Find funding Funding overview Find partners Get funding access. Impact Makers. Duty of Care. Maternity Matters: Funding the future.
Data for Development. Turning The Tide. Safety First. They allocate global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develop the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strive to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide.
ITU is committed to connecting all the world's people — wherever they live and whatever their means.
Through their work, they protect and support everyone's fundamental right to communicate. Membership An organization based on public-private partnership since its inception, ITU currently has a membership of countries and over private-sector entities and academic institutions.
ITU is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and has twelve regional and area offices around the world. Founded on the principle of international cooperation between governments Member States and the private sector Sector Members, Associates and AcademiaITU is the premier global forum through which parties work towards consensus on a wide range of issues affecting the future direction of the ICT industry.
What does ITU do? In a typical year, ITU will produce or revise upwards of standards covering everything from core network functionality to next-generation services such as IPTV. Job openings over the past year.The members of the PDF Association are dues-paying organizations from around the world.
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